|It is usually asked what proportion of the transformer noise is contributed by the windings and does the noise increase as the load increases?. There are, of course, mechanical forces existing between individual conductors in a winding when the transformer is excited. These forces will produce a vibration and a noise, but only one which is pure in tone, i.e. at twice the exciting frequency 120 cps. This, however, is swamped by the fundamental and harmonics produced by the core.
The difference between no load and full load, at constant flux density is usually no greater than 1 or 2dB. An exception to this is when special flux shields are placed inside a transformer tank to reduce stray flux effects.
|It has been explained that the noise from a transformer is caused by mechanical movement of the individual lamination of the core under magnetization. The pulsation will cause not only air disturbances, thus producing noise, but also physical vibration of the core structure and everything attached to it. The vibration will have similar frequencies to those measured in the noise analysis.|
|Reducing (attenuating) these mechanical pressure pulsations is vital to noise and vibration control and consequently, isolating the core and coils of a transformer, either in the tank or through a tank, or just as the core and|
|coils, is important. Baffling transformer noise and forgetting to isolate the vibrations will only lead to a disappointing result and is something which should not be done.
Remember noise is usually air borne. Vibration is ground borne. They are very much connected.
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